The plight of a childless couple is often painful, frustrating and socially alienating shattering the self confidence. Fertility tourism, however, brings in a light of optimism and at the end of this trying journey, the fruit of perseverance may wait in the form of a successful pregnancy and delivery of a healthy baby. The picture is however not as rosy as it is portrayed. After a wearing struggle, you may land up in a failed infertility treatment. The road is bumpy and the ordeal too much to bear with before you can have a concrete outcome of these treatments.

Let us take a glimpse of what various intending parents say about their infertility treatment experiences they have faced which can just happen to you as well:

Case 1:
The O’Hara couple belonged to Dublin, Ireland. Frederick O’Hara was 36 years and Nancy his wife was 30 years. They got married seven years ago and were still childless. They had been through IVF s and a host of infertility treatments that bore no result. All on a sudden, a clinic in Mumbai seemed to bloom hope in their lives. The couple once again gathered patience and headed for the new journey. Now we hear the rest of the story from Nancy’s mouth:
“Everything went well and I was admitted to this infertility clinic in Mumbai. The docs and nurses all looked friendly and confident.  Besides I had Fred by my side with a tight and warm reassuring grip on my shoulder that this time it would certainly work.” Whatever be the outcome I just wanted to let the world know how grateful I felt towards the entire arrangement of the clinic. It was spotlessly clean and the cozy atmosphere made me feel I have won half the battle. I was supposed get my baby through IVF where I needed both the egg donor and the surrogate mother. We found two young merry women in their early twenties. The egg donor Martha’s cycle was synchronized with the cycle of Parul, the surrogate mother with due medications. Lots of medical gadgets and monitoring devices were all around us. It was essentially an environment where the electronic devices ruled. The human element and their functional role seemed secondary. The eggs were retrieved carefully. The eggs and the sperms were left to fuse together for achieving fertilization through IVF. But the fertilization never materialized. It was a darn failure that brought fresh pains to my already injured mind. The hope that bloomed had extinguished in a flicker. The eggs retrieved did not meet the quality required for a successful fertilization”


Case 2:

Our next couple savoring bitter taste of infertility treatment mishap is Conrad and Esmeralda Suarez from Cancun, Mexico. Let’s hear what Esmeralda has to say about their frustrating experience in a clinic right in Cancun. We have been married since ten years and the grace of god is yet to shower on us in the shape of a child which we desired so much. Both of us were diagnosed fit so long as our oocyte and sperm quality was concerned. The problem was with my inability to conceive due to medical reasons. There was a block in the womb that prevented a pregnancy from materializing. A middle-aged and healthy surrogate mother named Paola was called in. IVF fertilization was carried out collecting sperms from Conrad and eggs were retrieved from me. But the implantation never successfully completed inside Paola. She suffered from embryo implantation dysfunction which went practically undiagnosed. Her endometrial lining was abnormally thin putting off a possibility to conceive. It’s been a share of bad luck for us and negligence on the part of the clinic.” Esmeralda broke into a muffled sob.


Case 3:

Frank and Martha were from Dublin and were childless. Their eight years of marriage life started to turn stale when all of a sudden rays of hope started to usher in their barren life. It all started in a fertility clinic in Delhi, India where the couples started seeking help of infertility specialists. Let us now hear the rest of the blissful saga from Martha’s mouth.
“We almost broke down. Though Frank was still positive about life the world started crumbling down around me. It’s not so much a social alienation or a community stigma that bothered me. It was the painful void that I could not withstand. The information about this Delhi fertility treatment clinic came just like a voice from heaven. The attitude of the entire team was too good to be true. They were all very caring and dedicated. Their expertise must be top grade however being a layman I should not comment on this. But they kept me very happy and comfortable. It was just a second home. In fact it was more than a home. A healthy baby was born to us and we named her after the name of the clinic that changed our lives altogether in a big positive way”.

There are a number of fertility clinics scattered across the globe that help customers from different parts of the world to conceive and have a baby through egg donation schemes.
In fact, there are hundreds of customers living next door who have travelled abroad to avail egg donation services and have successfully become pregnant. All their efforts and patience have ultimately borne fruit of their perseverance and today they are happy parents. There are countless egg donors who belong to different race and religion eager to bring smile on the faces of intending parents. These egg donors are willing to fly abroad to donate their eggs as per the demand of the intending parents or the concerned clinic strictly abiding by the law of the land.

Coordination between the clinics and donors

International egg donors have been connected with global fertility clinics in a close network. The coordinators of these clinics are well aware of their day to day moves and have their biological and genetic details at the back of their hands. These clinics have a vast and comprehensive database of international egg donors maintaining a close contact with them.

Egg donation through egg banks

Many reputed global egg banks have a huge inventory of frozen eggs collected from selected donors. Availing donor eggs through these banks are less expensive. Egg banks are mostly tied up with reputed fertility clinics for supplying frozen eggs even through overseas shipment if required. Of course, the entire proceeding is done amidst the existing legal framework. A customer should seek full clarification and authenticity of the donor and her background while availing frozen eggs from these banks.

Legal implications

However, egg donation at the international level is keenly sensitive to legal standings. Clients come from different countries and each of these countries has different sets of laws having different implications for egg donation programs. Moreover, the laws governing international egg donation programs are highly fluctuating in nature. What is supportive towards egg donation today might go against it tomorrow as the legal framework keeps on changing.

Ethics involved in egg donation

International egg donation is governed by certain medical ethics that ensures security of the recipients as well as it benefits the donors. Most of the clinics that supervise the procedure of egg donation need to be registered. Prior to registration, they need to qualify with respect to the standard of medical facilities available like the experience, qualification and international exposure of their key fertility specialists and rest of the human capital working under them.
The clinics supervising international egg donation need to employ legal and administrative experts who would successfully deal with legal and social issues connected with egg donation.

Selection of the egg donor

A donor should qualify into the donor pool only after a thorough medical screening, which is rigorous and encompasses psychological, physical and genetic evaluation. The candidates should be young within the age group of 20 years to 30 years when the fertility potential is at the peak. Appraisal of the egg donor is not only limited to evaluation of medical history but to the genetic makeup as well. A number of clinical tests are conducted to ensure whether she is carrying any disease like HIV which could harm the baby or the mother.

According to international egg donation guidelines set up by globally recognized authoritative bodies on embryological science, the egg donor is often personally interviewed by the clinic specialists. It is conducted to ensure that the donor doesn’t smoke or drink too much. General habits, interests and the IQ level of the donor are disclosed by these series of interviews which reveal a lot about the eligibility of being an egg donor.

Signing agreement between the donor and the recipient

The agreement between the donor, the intending parents and the third party that is the clinic, is an important piece of document on which the entire program rests in international egg donation schemes. A legal expert will be present who will interpret the finer points before all the parties sign it.

Egg donation procedure

The procedural steps of international egg donation would involve injecting medicines into the donor to enhance egg production by triggering the follicle stimulating in synchronization with the menstrual cycle with that of the recipient.  The eggs retrieved can be implanted in the recipient immediately through a clinical procedure or may be cryopreserved for later use as dictated by the need of the situation.

Fertility tourism has a chequered history. This is an ancient medical breakthrough when the concept of test tube baby had taken the world of medical science like a storm. Oppositions have come from several quarters including the church that criminalized the ground breaking effort declaring it as against the will of God. It is something that is against natural evolution.

Here we give a date by date chronological account of how infertility science and infertility tourism have evolved over time and had come to a level that we see it today:
– Way back in 1790, the records reveal that birth of a baby was brought about by artificial insemination in which the mother conceived not as an outcome of sexual intercourse but as a result of sperms injected into her artificially.

– In 1884, the case of first sperm donation was recorded in the US where the donated sperms helped couples to have a baby.

-In 1937, the idea of In-vitro fertilization (IVF) was propounded in a medical journal where the fertilization between the male sperms and female oocyte would typically take place outside the body of the female partner. It will usually happen in a watch glass in a highly monitored laboratory environment.

-In 1938, there was a successful attempt at cryopreservation of sperms where they were frozen and kept for use in future.

These facilities including IVF, cryopreservation, artificial insemination and egg and sperm donation were restricted to countries having top class research and development support system in the field of medical and infertility science whereas infertility issues cut across global boundaries. It existed in every country irrespective of its scientific and economic achievements. Childless couples who could not find infertility solutions in the home ground took refuge elsewhere. Thus, the seeds of fertility treatment tourism were sown.

– In the year 1969, an eminent English embryologist Robert G Edwards published a paper on fertilization of eggs artificially. Later on, he succeeded in the test tube baby project.

-The year 1972 sees a successful in-vitro fertilization (IVF) brought about by an American fertility specialist.

– The year 1978 sees a ground breaking feat in the arena of infertility science. Louis Brown, the first test tube baby sees the light of the day in England. This was legendary and a joint effort by Robert G Edwards and Patrick Steptoe after their patient’s 104th endeavor.

– With the arrival of the year 1981, US embryologists have established themselves as the pioneers of IVF aided birth. The first IVF baby Elizabeth Karr was born in the US making IVF an amazing fertility treatment solution leading to a successful pregnancy culminating in a child birth. Childless couples were on a frenzied hunt to locate and travel across the globe in quest of a good IVF clinic to convert their long cherished dreams into reality.

-In the year 1983, another earth shaking event materialized in the field of human reproduction. Gradually, human birth was no longer dictated and controlled by the divine premises as the scientists have started making huge progress in the field delving deep into the enigma of childbirth and coming up with revelations. This year they succeed in bringing a baby to see the light of the day that was born out of frozen human embryo.
-The year 1984 saw more progress in human reproduction technology. In Australia, the first baby was born from donated eggs. A more simplified method to perform an IVF was worked out this year by Dr Richard Ash working in the University of Texas. This method was known as the gamete intra fallopian transfer. This very year the technique of zygote intra fallopian transfer was also developed.

With the passage of time, infertility treatment broke into new arena. New methods were developed bringing smiles to childless couples. However, these treatment facilities were not available globally in all countries which necessitated migration of fertility tourist to better pastures. Legal requirements were important factors that did not support artificially aided birth in quite a number of countries.  This was also a prime cause inspiring fertility tourism.

So far no country in the world has an established governing body that ensures collection of reliable data about the success rates of fertility clinics. Most clinics are rather beating the drum of success as a part of their marketing exercise. It is thus advocated that you ask for positive pregnancy test rates and the clinical pregnancy rates as well where the fetus responds with a clinched heart beat.

Clinics working on foreign patients often fail to verify the live birth rates in spite of all their good intentions simply because these patients never report back how things panned out for them. This is the primary reason for clinics not being able to report live birth rates. Now in this fast and competitive world where information is the key driver to organizational success who would wait for live births to be reported back by customers? The easiest way out is to report the clinical pregnancy rates which is instant and always more than actual live birth rates helping the clinic ride on a comfortable growth ladder.

Verified statistics are tough to find in most countries but one should do a fair judgment without getting impressed by tall claims. Clinics posting a realistic success rate can be relied upon as it reveals their ethical practice to some extent. A medical consultant or a fertility tourism facilitator generally can provide better clarity in facts and figures.

While deciding upon the country and clinic to explore for studying birth rate success, it is imperative to have a glimpse of country’s legislative framework that governs its operations.
It is quite obvious that legal confinements vary not only from one country to other but even from clinic to clinic for that matter.

These legal mandates based upon a particular country’s social, political and economic structure have their impact upon the operating procedures of a fertility clinic. Now the million dollar question is how the clinics elucidate these laws and execute them in running their day to day operations is a matter to ponder over. You can get enough information regarding the legal mandates from the government regulated websites.

The most common restrictions are as follows:
– Does the country’s legal framework approve egg donation services?

-Does the country have restrictions for traditional and gestational surrogacy?
– Do the donors involved in the egg donation process have a valid identity and registration or are they anonymous who could never be traced in the future?
– What type of clients would the clinic treat -singles, unmarried, straight and gay? Or do they have reservations for a specific class of clients?
– Do both the partners need to come for treatment?
– Is there any age bar for patients undergoing treatment?
– Are there restrictions imposed upon the number of embryos that can be transferred?
– Do they allow frozen sperms belonging to the biological father or a donor to be transferred overseas to a laboratory for fertilization of eggs?
– What would be the fate of the excess embryos leftover?
-Do the embryos belonging to you can be used later? Can they be further donated to someone known to you?
-Can they be donated to another family hiding your identity so that the family could reap the benefit?
-Can they be shipped back to your domestic country?
-Can they be donated for research and development in human embryology and reproduction science?
-Under what conditions can they be destroyed?
-What would be the fate of forsaken embryos?
– Do they have options for setting the family equilibrium (like PGD for sex selection)
– Can you go for legal gestational surrogacy? Can you get an approval for it as a medical requirement?

Experienced and qualified facilitators play a crucial role in finding out the right IVF clinic but you can put forward the following queries or do self research or seek your home country’s fertility specialist who maintain the updates of global fertility treatment issues.

Some common queries that instantly pop up in your mind are the expertise about the fertility specialists and staff of a particular clinic. Many clinics highlight a lot of physical and psychological screening tests to win the customers’ confidence but whether these are carried out in reality need to be verified. Testimonials or experience of customers can throw light on this matter. You can consult them prior to setting out for abroad fertility treatment. But keep in mind that your requirement may differ from theirs and one’s success does not ensure yours. No doubt, success in fertility treatment is dicey, but checking the basic parameters of an abroad clinic before selection is always recommended.

Fertility tourism, an offshoot of medical tourism has its own share of challenges especially while seeking cross border assisted reproductive care. Cultural scenario, medical ethics and above all legal implications of the destination country play a significant role in enabling the intending foreign couples access the required fertility services abroad.

What are the legal challenges?

The legal challenges blocking the growth of fertility tourism vary from one country to another. How much impact would the local legislative framework have on the development of fertility tourism would be the essence of discussion over here. Again the legal framework of a country is not fixed but keeps on changing.

There are two schools of thoughts regarding legal governance of fertility tourism which are as follows:
– Those countries with laws and statutes covering the legal issues of fertility treatment  include UK , Germany, Finland, France and Canada.
– Countries where legal issues having a bearing on fertility tourism are controlled by official guidelines. They include Australia, Cyprus, India, Poland, Mexico and USA.
– It is not at all surprising to find that some procedures and practices in fertility tourism which are legally permitted in one country may not be allowed in its neighboring countries.  Even the banned fertility procedures could put you behind the bars or attract heavy penal actions in terms of fines if still carried out defying the country’s legal system.
– Fundamentally, the legal restrictions in the home country compel a childless couple to seek infertility treatment elsewhere where the legal bindings won’t interfere with having a gratifying infertility solution.
– The legal eye would interfere with every step you take while progressing through an infertility treatment program.
– Whether you would be allowed to preserve frozen embryos for future use is another million dollar question.
– In countries like China, Indonesia and Turkey, legally speaking, IVF treatment is open to married couples only. New Zealand goes a step ahead. It allows IVF only to stable nuclear families.
– Countries like Sweden, USA and Spain seems legally more flexible allowing extension of IVF services to homosexual couples and singles as of today.
There may be other legal issues in a country that an infertility clinic operating within its border should abide by. These are as follows:

  1. a) In Greece, for example, the anonymity of the egg donor is guaranteed by legislation.
    b) In many countries, paying for surrogacy service or commercial surrogacy is banned although it is allowed in some Asian countries.
    c) In South Africa, surrogacy services are legally banned for foreigners although for locals there is no legislative obstacle.
  2. d) Genetic screening is disallowed by law in many countries but allowed in a few countries if stringent regulations are observed. PGD procedure which encourages sex determination in an embryo is banned in UK and many other countries.

 What are the ethical and cultural challenges?

– Surrogacy and pregnancy with the aid of artificial reproductive technology is looked down upon in many countries as an unethical choice.
– Paying a surrogate mother and an egg donor for their services is simply equated with exploitation putting them in health hazards and taking advantage of their financial needs.

How these challenges can be surmounted?

The legal challenges can be met by following ways:
– In this respect, the choice of the clinic would play a vital role in handling the legal issues of the locality where you are seeking the service. Make sure that the clinic has an adequately staffed legal wing who will guide you against legal distress arising from infertility treatment in a country having a set of alien code of legal bindings.
– Before launching on a fertility tourism program, the intending parents should get themselves aware of the law of the land. It is recommended to seek professional guidance in this respect. Is surrogacy approved? Can an egg or sperm donor be hired? Is it possible to preserve your eggs and sperms in a frozen state in the clinical laboratory in an alien country for use in the future?
– Socially and culturally as well as legally in many countries, determining the sex of the embryo and opting to have a baby of a specific sex is a taboo. Get the names of such countries from an authentic source and avoid those destinations if you desire to have a baby of a particular sex through artificial reproductive technology.

When infertility is the issue, prehistoric therapeutic techniques applied by early human civilization were no less effective as the modern medical treatments. Early human beings explored the human body in every detail. Their knowledge of human physiology was profound based upon which the symptoms and diagnosis of a disease were possible and so was its remedial solution. Infertility was no exception. The causes were analyzed and solutions offered which were very different from the modern-day IVF and IUI treatments in procedural techniques but in spirit they weren’t much way apart.

Acupuncture and TCM

The art of acupuncture is ancient and was perfected by the ancient Chinese doctors.
It is a smooth and pleasant way of getting treated if you have infertility issue. This ancient infertility treatment is gaining fast popularity. Who could imagine your body nerve endings have huge potential? A gentle prick by a needle over these millions of nerve endings with precision and skill could certainly unlock this huge potential. This ancient treatment helps your body to peak at its optimum capacity and helps you to perform better.
It is largely a different procedure altogether and a wide departure from the approved modern day infertility treatment. It is an interesting fact that acupuncture is a physical therapy. It doesn’t even call for penetration through the skin and still induces the much needed chemical reactions responsible for boosting up your metabolism.

Acupuncture has a history of curing patients suffering from fertility disorders. Acupuncture together with ancient Chinese medicines has been in use since past 5000 years serving humanity and helping females suffering from infertility issues, achieve pregnancy.

Basis of Acupuncture

Acupuncture visualizes the infertility issue from an interesting perspective. The acutherapists study the menstrual cycle first. Since the cycle involves the spilling of Qi from the body with the monthly discard of the uterine lining, the bigger picture comes to the forefront.  It is the flow of the blood, the moisture of the Yin and the temperature of the Yang taken together determine the profile of the female’s hormonal balance or imbalance.

 The female menstrual cycle and the role of Yin and Yang 

According to the ancient Chinese philosophy, the forces of Yin and Yang act in the opposite direction and try to stay in equilibrium with each other. Yin is cool, submissive and retreating. Whereas Yang is hot, dominant and ever expanding.

Yin offers the canvas, the moist material to work on. Yang provides the required potential to work on the canvas. If life is compared with a cascade, Yin is the water and Yang is the current that provides the potential energy.

The first half of the menstrual cycle, which is the follicular phase according to the modern medical concept is when Yin rules. It is the growth stage of the ovum and the levels of Estrogen and Progesterone are low at the start of the cycle. It leads to the shedding of uterine lining.  Next, the quality of the blood Qi that flows out is very important to appraise Yin. Equally significant is the role that Qi plays over here manifesting in cramps and mood swings as a reaction to menstrual flow.

Treatment principle

-It is common for the therapist to ask about the color and texture of the blood. It is a part of the treatment.

– Queries about emotional stress, pain and cramp that accompany the menstrual cycle are asked by the acu-therapist as well.

-During the culmination of the first half of the cycle, the element of Yin (modern day FSH) allows one follicle to grow larger in size than the others. This very follicle is the moist structural development we were talking about earlier on which Yang would work on. The journey of the unfertilized eggs from fallopian tube to the endometrium has begun at this critical juncture when Yin is at its helm. The cycle of nature is at its best. The Yin creates Yang which grows until it reaches its apical coordinates and in turn gives birth to Yin. This mutual transformation sustains life.

-In the second half of the cycle (Luteal phase), Yang rules. The growth of a follicle triggers a deluge of luteinizing hormone that causes the egg to move towards the uterus. Enough energy is released and the egg finds it warm and cozy inside the uterus.

-The therapist keenly studies the cycle, diagnoses the cause, identifies the nerve points and starts his therapeutic treatment.

Fertility tourism is travelling abroad in the quest for availing proper medical treatment for infertility problems. The success of the entire venture rests upon the quality of treatment available and on the medical health of the intending couples and the third parties who are intimately connected to the process. Several medical jargons found in the lexicon of Human reproduction science seem to flood the discussion on fertility tourism. Terms like Assisted Reproduction Technology (ART), In-vitro fertilization technology (IVF), Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), Surrogacy and surrogate mothers, Egg and sperm donation, Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) are some of the very common terms used in texts on fertility tourism.

There are indeed distinctions between these terms which we are going to discuss in some detail in an attempt to clarify the basic ideas of fertility tourism to a layman.

ART and IVF:

ART is a combination of medical procedures used to facilitate fertilization and normal delivery to childless couples. ART includes but is not confined to IVF, GIFT, ZIFT and ICSI.

In contrast to above, IVF is a medical procedure where an egg is removed from the female partner or a professional egg donor and fertilized by a sperm cell outside the body of the female. The fertilized egg is allowed to divide and develop in a closely monitored laboratory environment for about two days and then is inserted back into the uterus of the women who may be a surrogate mother or may be the producer of the egg. The process is also known as test tube fertilization and the baby born known as the test tube baby.


Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection, known as ICSI in its abbreviated form is an IVF process where a single sperm is directly pushed through into an egg with the aid of an injection. This method of fertility treatment is mainly done to get over male infertility issues. However, it may also be employed where the sperm fails to penetrate the eggs easily.

On the other hand, Pre implantation genetic diagnosis or commonly known as PGD is a genetic screening procedure where it is employed to ensure the embryo is free from any genetic abnormalities or diseases inherited from the suppliers of male and female gametes and carried down to the offspring. PGD permits closely exploring the DNA strains of the eggs or embryos for that matter and select those healthy ones that qualify for certain traits. This method is very useful when there are any previous chromosomal or genetic disorders down the bloodline and falls within the purview of In-vitro fertilization programs.

 Gestational surrogacy and traditional surrogacy:

In Gestational surrogacy, pregnancy develops from the transfer of an embryo created by In-vitro fertilization in such a way that the child is genetically not related to the surrogate mother.

In traditional surrogacy, the surrogate mother is impregnated naturally or by artificial methods and the child born is related genetically to the surrogate mother. Gestational surrogacy is legally more complex than the traditional surrogacy.

Agglutination, Amenorrhea and Anovulation:

Agglutination is a male infertility reason when the sperms clump together. Whereas a female infertility cause is Anovulation where the female doesn’t or rarely ovulates.
Amenorrhea is a female infertility condition where a woman doesn’t have menstrual periods.

Artificial insemination and Gamete Intra-fallopian transfer:

Artificial insemination is a procedure in which the sperms are inserted directly into the cervix of a female or into her fallopian tubes or uterus.
Gamete Intra-fallopian transfer is an assisted reproductive technique that involves the removal of sperms and eggs, fusing them together and setting them onto the fallopian tubes.


More terms need to be included….

Fertility treatments in many countries are supported by amazing infrastructure. The social, cultural and the governments in these countries play a key role in making them most sought after destinations for tourists in the quest for infertility treatment. From all possible angles touching the areas of ART, IVF, ICSI, PGD, cryopreservation of eggs and sperms and regards the availability of egg / sperm donors and surrogate mothers, these countries stand at the helm of being the number one infertility treatment provider to intending parents. The legal system in these countries is conducive to availing a great fertility treatment program.

Here we take an exploration to countries which have an amazing environment for availing a great infertility treatment program:

Spain has installed a national health system called the Systema Sanitario Publico which all the citizens who pay the national health insurance premium can have a free access without spending money. The benefits and facilities which a customer can avail is set out clearly in the Carta De Derechos y Deberes , which is basically the charter of Rights and Obligations.
The social attitude towards fertility treatment is supportive, and the Spanish society despite being predominantly Roman Catholic has an open minded legal system that allows everyone to access the Spanish fertility clinics for treatment.
Spain is dotted with over two hundred fertility clinics offering quality services to customers.
– They have a pool of talented team updated on the latest developments in reproductive science and backed up by the latest medical support system.
– Fertility clinics are spotlessly tidy and modern with latest fertility treatment equipment.

India is known for its highly competitive fertility treatment clinics that offer complete packages coming at a surprisingly low price. There are more than five hundred fertility treatment centers and some of them had successfully been in public service for over thirty years.
The standard of the clinics are highly satisfying catering to the needs of the customers. The regulations are flexible permitted females up to the age of 55 years to avail the treatment.  India enjoys a unique global status for being the fastest growing health care sector in privately run ownerships including the fertility treatment solution domain.


Turkey has a fantastic infertility treatment infrastructure pulling a substantial proportion of fertility tourists every year. The specialists in modern Turkish clinics are usually trained in Europe and the US. They usually hold specialized training certificates in IVF from Turkey as well as abroad.
However, by statute, surrogacy and IVF treatment with donor eggs and sperms is strictly banned. Married couples have an unrestricted access to a plethora of fertility treatments using their own eggs and sperms at an affordable price. The clinics are modern with all facilities. It is mandatory that the Turkish fertility specialists should have a membership of the European Society of Human Reproductive Endocrinology.
Turkey offers one of the most modern fertility treatments to customers comparable to any country having a reputation in fertility treatment.



Brazil enjoys a significant place in the infertility treatment world as a destination of mounting reputation for being a hotspot for fertility treatment. There are over 150 world class fertility clinics in this country which run on well regulated principles. The legal system is flexible and favorable to fertility treatment. Services are available for same sex couples and single women.



The number of fertility clinics in this country is limited to 19 only but they are all great clinics in terms of quality service. IVF surrogacy is legal and aged women too have an opportunity to become pregnant as egg donation service is available too.



Greece has an excellent infrastructure for fertility tourism. There are about sixty good clinics running on nationally regulated principles covering all types of fertility treatments including IVF.



There is a national regulation monitored by Ministerial decree that covers all ART treatments in Hungarian clinics. Most clinics are privately run producing high success rates in fertility treatments.

Egg and sperm freezing centers abroad enable you to have a grip on the timeline as when to achieve fertility so that delivery of your child could be suitably matched with the precise time when you want to get it through. There has been a major breakthrough in the methods of successful cryopreservation which could set fertility options in women which are no longer controlled by nature’s time limit.

Cryopreservation facilities abroad have made this miracle possible for you. While you can have your baby at the age of 45 years due to circumstantial requirements and at the same time have the potential of a woman aged 25 years for example. The most eminent fertility specialists and cryo-preservationists across the globe have joined hands developing advanced procedures so that your eggs can be set in a time machine for a long journey onwards and hatching at a future point of time without losing its qualitative features.

Clinics abroad having cryopreservation facilities also have options for those looking for donor eggs. They would offer them pre-screened frozen and well preserved eggs donated by young egg donors who have already passed through a series of clinical tests and qualified themselves for egg donation.

Fertility clinics abroad specializing in cryopreservation techniques also offer 100 % gender selection procedures closely monitored and executed by the most talented fertility specialists that you may not find back home in your domestic clinics.

In many foreign clinics, the technicians and specialists have further exacted the egg freezing procedures so that women belonging to all age group irrespective of their national and cultural backgrounds can participate in fertility programs inspired by the revolutionary cryopreservation concepts.

Egg freezing, needless to say, could be best employed taking eggs from young donors. But clinics abroad do not stop at this ideal concept. They further provide suitable guidelines for clients that whether cryopreservation techniques are going to work for them.

Procedures for egg freezing in clinics abroad

-It involves preparation of the ovaries for the synthesis of mature eggs required for the freezing process. The normal menstrual cycle of the customer is awaited. At this point of time, fertility drugs will be administered so that the potential of the ovaries are maximized.

-Fertility medications are designed to allow the growth of eggs in ovaries that will be subsequently removed for freezing. Administration of multiple fertility injections are done for production of healthy eggs.
– After achieving maturity, the eggs would be retrieved following a small surgical procedure which is practically painless and conducted under anesthesia.

– After retrieval, the eggs are prepared in cryopreservation laboratory in clinics abroad by a qualified embryologist who will ensure healthy appearance of eggs initiating the freezing. Here the advanced vitrification procedure is applied where the environmental temperature to which the eggs are exposed are rapidly lowered till all the metabolic activities are arrested.

– The frozen eggs are then transferred to a liquid nitrogen chamber for storage and preserved for future use.

Laboratories in fertility clinics abroad have the latest medical facilities and freezing equipments with which they can proceed with the egg freezing technique successfully. The liquid nitrogen chamber is monitored round the clock to ensure proper functioning. Experts and cryopreservation specialists with the support of qualified embryologists are available who closely supervise the entire procedure.

Hygiene and cleanliness are important factors which have a definite impact on the quality of cryopreservation techniques. These two factors are given utmost importance in mist of the clinics abroad so that despite all efforts your dream for cryopreservation of your eggs does not blow up in smoke!

Presently, the cryopreservation techniques have made a lot of development than what it used to be a decade back. Clinics abroad are very focused on this area and dedicated to give their customers the best service so far as egg and sperm freezing is concerned.

Sperm and egg banks are set up to help couples with fertility disorder so that they can access these storehouses of vital human reproductive units to have a baby of their own. The donors are even doing an honorary service over here in donating eggs and sperms to the valuable bank set up so at the hour of need the intending parents do not go have to go for a tiring search for the right match of egg and sperm.

These banks go through the usual procedure for testing and qualifying donors involving a thorough medical diagnosis. This would again include examining the donor with regard to any genetic, mental and physical disorder which would guarantee the customers looking for a high level of quality and security.

The sperm and egg banks abroad operate in line with the standards established by the international organizations handling assisted reproduction and embryology ensuring protection to both the donors and the recipients against any damage done to the health or quality of products. These foreign biological banks can be accessed through the internet as they have a comprehensive website and enough space for customer queries and their solutions. As required, you may need to have a registration with these bank websites before you can proceed with further actions from your end.

Sperm and egg banks use the latest IT solutions to cinch anonymity of donors and monitoring the donation process closely. Since a synchronization of the procedure is not possible to match donation and the receipt of eggs and sperms at the same point of time, the banks will certainly go for cryopreservation technique. The banks ensure that the sperms and eggs are collected from high potential donors from the age group of 20 -35 years due to the obvious reason that reproductive capabilities in both men and women decline with age.

Here you have a choice to select your sperm and eggs depending on your inclination for specific features like:
– the color of hair and eyes, skin complexion.
–  Structural built and general health.
– The level of education of the donors and the general IQ level.
– Your fascination for a particular geographical location which the donor comes from like many customers are hell bent over Caucasian donors paying premium prices.

The procedural techniques applied by these banks for collection of ova (eggs) may or may not involve ovarian hyper stimulation. In a case of ovarian stimulation, the donor is given hormone injections to produce eggs which are retrieved with the help of an ultrasound machine under mild sedation. The entire process takes around half an hour. The eggs collected become very significant for third party reproduction in future and for production of stem cells from unfertilized eggs.

Ova or egg banks are performing well and are hugely popular with the women folk. Foreign ova banks may have the latest medical support system which are lacking in your domestic bank. These banks mainly address to women with:
– Premature ovarian failure.
– Ineffective ovaries.
– Post ovarian surgery.
– Chemotherapy for those suffering from cancer.
– Premature menopause.
– Repeated failures with IVF.

The procedural steps for availing service from these banks can be summed up as follows:

-The intending parent is at liberty to select an active donor from the roaster of the bank abroad.
-The donor coordinator will ensure that the egg donor is available to the cycle.
-Initial laboratory testing will include a number of clinical tests.
-The donor will go through a thorough physical and mental evaluation.
-The appointment is fixed and the eggs are retrieved and planted.

Availing sperm bank services abroad will involve similar procedure though sperm retrieval it is not as complicated as egg retrieval. However, sperm evaluation is done prior to donation.